The municipality of Cengio, like a large part of Liguria, was the scene of numerous battles fought by the troops of the young General Bonaparte during the Italian campaign, which began with a victory at the Battle of Montenotte and forced the army of the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia to retreat through the mountains to protect the access to Piedmont. The battle of Millesimo, not far from Cengio, took place in April 1796 and was a victory of the French over the Sardinians.
The links between Napoleon and Liguria are numerous. The first Italian campaign had in fact permanently upset the geopolitical order of the Italian peninsula by establishing French influence there for almost two decades, which would flourish to varying degrees until 1815.
The region of Liguria will also be annexed, being part of the French Empire from 1805 until the Congress of Vienna in 1814. But the region is above all closely linked to the intimate history of Napoleon: the Bonaparte family originated from the town of Sarzana in Liguria, and emigrated to Corsica at the end of the 15th century and the beginning of the 16th century.
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